Refugee Council of Australia
Panama migrants and refugees continue to cross the darien jungle in

Is Australia’s response to refugees generous? An analysis of UNHCR Global Trends statistics from 2013 to 2022

Refugees recognised or resettled

In 2022, 4.94 million people either had their refugee status recognised or benefited from the additional protection afforded by refugee resettlement, most being Ukrainians granted refugee status in Europe. Australia provided refugee recognition or resettlement to 21,248 people in 2022 (0.43% of the global total). On this measure, Australia was ranked 36th overall, 40th on a per capita basis and 68th relative to GDP. Because the number of refugees recognised in 2022 was 42 times greater than refugees resettled, Germany, Poland, Czechia, Spain and Italy were leaders according to this indicator.

Over the 10 years from 2013 to 2022, 23.99 million people had their need for refugee protection recognised or benefited from refugee resettlement. Because of the scale of its resettlement program, the United States (with 273,247 refugees recognised and 438,664 resettled) was ranked 9th, joining Türkiye, Germany, Uganda, Sudan, Lebanon, Poland, Jordan, Ethiopia and Bangladesh among the countries in the top 10 on this combined indicator. As with refugee recognition, the largest contributions on a per capita basis were from Lebanon, Jordan, Türkiye, Czechia and Uganda.

Over the decade to December 2022, Australia resettled or recognised 180,073 refugees. This was 0.75% of the global total. Australia was ranked 30th overall, 41st on a per capita basis and 77th relative to GDP.

RCOA comment: By combining refugee recognition and resettlement, we can get the best available assessment of the relative 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 contribution of nations such as Refugees recognised in Australia Australia's share of global total Australia which make significant contributions to the limited pool of resettlement places. This measures does have some limitations, as it includes permanent protection, temporary protection (including in Australia) and UNHCR's recognition of refugees in host states where refugees are afforded no rights.

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