In June 2020, a major cross-national study ranked some 163 states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. It concluded that ‘Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world, for the second year in a row’ (Global Peace Index 2020: Measuring Peace in a Complex World (Sydney: Institute for Economics & Peace, 2020) p.2).
In the opinion of a leading expert on Afghanistan, Professor William Maley of the Australian National University, the situation in Afghanistan remains extraordinarily fluid. “Given this fluidity, it is a serious mistake to conclude that Afghanistan is safe for Hazaras.”
This expert analysis by Professor Maley demonstrates why Afghanistan remains unsafe for Hazaras.