Recommendation 1: Funding for international humanitarian relief
The Australian Government should increase funding to humanitarian organisations that are on-the-ground in Afghanistan to ensure adequate response to vulnerable communities in the context of heightened humanitarian needs.
Recommendation 2: Independent monitoring mechanism
The Australian Government should support the call for an independent mechanism to monitor and report on violations and abuses, to collect evidence, advance accountability and deter further crimes in Afghanistan.
Recommendation 3: Diaspora Advisory Group on Afghanistan
The Australian Government should establish a diaspora advisory group on Afghanistan (in addition to the Advisory Panel on the settlement of Afghan nationals) to consult on issues relating to Australia’s future engagement with Afghanistan, including in relation to diaspora remittance channels, overseas development assistance, humanitarian relief efforts and diplomatic engagement.
Recommendation 4: Identify and prioritise applications in the Special Humanitarian Program from Afghan nationals
The Australian Government should identify and prioritise applications from people from Afghanistan within the Special Humanitarian Program backlog.
Recommendation 5: Prioritise family reunion applications in the Migration Program for Afghan nationals
The Australian Government should prioritise applications for family reunion in the Migration Protection from sponsors from refugee backgrounds, including those from Afghanistan.
Recommendation 6: End policies that place refugees who arrived by boat at the lowest priority for family reunion
The Australian Government should abolish Direction 80 and the SHP prioritisation that places family reunion applications from refugees who arrived by boat at the lowest priority.
Recommendation 7: Grant refugees from Afghanistan on a TPV or SHEV a permanent visa
The Australian Government should provide all refugees from Afghanistan on a Temporary Protection Visa (TPV) or Safe Haven Enterprise Visa (SHEV) a permanent visa, in recognition that they will never be able to return to Afghanistan. By granting Afghan refugees a permanent visa, they will be able to fully contribute to the Australian community and economy.
Recommendation 8: Emergency rescue for Afghans at risk
The Australian Government should continue to work actively to identify and support individuals facing significant risks, including granting In-Country Humanitarian or Emergency Rescue Visas to those requiring immediate evacuation.
Recommendation 9: Support for neighbouring countries hosting displaced Afghans
The Australian Government should substantially increase its contribution of humanitarian and development assistance to states hosting the greatest numbers of displaced Afghan nationals in order to support access to protection.
Recommendation 10: Special intake of 20,000 humanitarian visas for Afghan nationals
The Australian Government should allocate a special intake of 20,000 humanitarian visas over two years for Afghan nationals in addition to the regular Humanitarian Program intake.
Recommendation 11: End the ban on resettlement for refugees in Indonesia
The Australian Government should end the ban that prevents refugees in Indonesia who registered with UNHCR after 30 June 2014 from accessing resettlement.
Recommendation 12: Work towards an integrated response to displacement in Asia
The Australian Government should convene a forum with NGOs, refugee-led organisations, peak bodies, intergovernmental bodies and other relevant stakeholders to advance the development of an integrated and strategic response to displacement in Asia, including consideration of the roles of international development assistance, diplomacy, capacity-building and the strategic use of resettlement.
Recommendation 13: Work with resettlement states to maximise collective impact
The Australian Government should work with UNHCR to bring states involved in refugee resettlement together to explore how they can work to maximise their collective impact in Asia, using the support offered through resettlement to encourage host states to improve the protection of refugees within their borders.
Recommendation 14: Immediately prioritise resettlement for people on Nauru and PNG
The Australian Government should resettle all people subject to offshore processing, including those from Afghanistan, and their immediate families to safe countries.
Recommendation 15: Prioritise and urgently assess asylum claims of people from Afghanistan
The Australian Government should urgently prioritise and assess the claims for asylum of people from Afghanistan. Those who have been refused a protection visa should have their claims automatically reviewed given the changed circumstances in Afghanistan.
Recommendation 16: Urgently review the need to detain people from Afghanistan
The Australian Government should review the detention of each person from Afghanistan currently in onshore immigration detention facilities.